An Act to prevent harassment
SENATE, No. 2185
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts
IN THE YEAR OF TWO THOUSAND AND NINE
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court assembled,
And by the authority of the same, as follows:
SECTION 1. Definitions.
As used in this chapter the following words shall have the following meanings:
“Abuse”, the occurrence of one or more of the following acts:
(a) attempting to cause or causing physical harm to another; or
(b) placi ng another in fear of imminent serious physical harm.
three or more acts of willful malicious conduct aimed at a specific person done with the intent to cause fear, intimidation, abuse or damage to property and that does in fact cause f
ear, intimidation, abuse or damage to property; or
(b) a single act or course of conduct that (i) causes another to engage involuntarily in sexual relations by force, threat or duress; or (ii) constitutes a violation of Chapter 265 of the General Laws sections 13B, 13F, 13H, 22, 22A, 23, 24, 24B, 26C, 43, or 43A or Chapter 272 of the General Laws section 3.
“Court”, the superior, probate and family, juvenile, district or Boston municipal court departments of the trial court.
“Law officer”, any officer authorized to serve criminal process.
“Protection order issued by another jurisdiction”, any injunction or other order issued by a court of another state, territory or possession of the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or the District of C olumbia, or tribal court that is issued for the purpose of preventing violent or threatening acts, abuse, or harassment against, or contact or communication with or physical proximity to another person, including temporary and final orders issued by civil and criminal courts filed by or on behalf of a person seeking protection.
Proceedings under this chapter shall be filed, heard and determined in the superior court department or the Boston municipal court department or respective divis ions of the probate and family, juvenile, or district court departments having venue over the plaintiff’s residence.
SECTION 3. Persons Suffering From Harassment; Complaint Requesting Protection From Harassment.
A person suffering from harassment may f ile a complaint in the court requesting protection from such harassment, including, but not limited to, the following orders:
(a) ordering the defendant to refrain from abusing or harassing the plaintiff, whether the defendant is an adult or minor;
(b) o rdering the defendant to refrain from contacting the plaintiff, unless authorized by the court, whether the defendant is an adult or minor;
(c) ordering the defendant to remain away from the plaintiff’s household, multiple family dwelling, and workplace, whether the defendant is an adult or minor;
ordering the defendant to pay the plaintiff monetary compensation for the losses suffered as a direct result of harassment. Compensatory losses shall include, but not be limited to, loss of earnings, out-of-
pocket losses for injuries sustained or property damaged, replacement of locks, medical expenses, cost for obtaining an unlisted phone number, and reasonable attorney’s fees;
(e) ordering information in the case record to be impounded in accordance with c ourt rule.
No filing fee shall be charged for the filing of the complaint. Neither the plaintiff nor the plaintiff’s attorney shall be charged for certified copies of any orders entered by the court, or any copies of the file reasonably required for futur e court action or as a result of the loss or destruction of plaintiff’s copies.
Any relief granted by the court shall be for a fixed period of time not to exceed one year. Every order shall on its face state the time and date the order is to expire and sh all include the date and time that the matter will again be heard. If the plaintiff appears at the court at the date and time the order is to expire, the court shall determine whether or not to extend the order for any additional time reasonably necessary to protect the plaintiff or to enter a permanent order. When the expiration date stated on the order is on a weekend day or holiday, or a date when the court is closed to business, the order shall not expire until the next date that the court is open to bu siness. The plaintiff may appear on such next court business day at the time designated by the order to request that the order be extended. The court may also extend the order upon motion of the plaintiff, for such additional time as it deems necessary to protect the plaintiff from harassment. The fact that harassment has not occurred during the pendency of an order shall not, in itself, constitute sufficient ground for denying or failing to extend the order, of allowing an order to expire or be vacated, or for refusing to issue a new order.
The court may modify its order at any subsequent time upon motion by either party. When the plaintiff’s address is inaccessible to the defendant as provided in section 8 of this chapter and the defendant has filed a mot ion to modify the court’s order, the court shall be responsible for notifying the plaintiff. In no event shall the court disclose any such inaccessible address.
A court shall not deny any complaint filed under this chapter solely because it was not filed within a particular time period after the last alleged incident of harassment.
Any action commenced under the provisions of this chapter shall not preclude any other civil or criminal remedies. A party filing a complaint under this chapter shall be requir ed to disclose any prior or pending actions involving the parties.
SECTION 3A. Information Required to be Given to Complainant.
Upon the filing of a complaint under this chapter, a complainant shall be informed that the proceedings hereunder are civil in nature and that violations of orders issued hereunder are criminal in nature. Further, a complainant shall be given information prepared by the appropriate district attorney’s office that other criminal proceedings may be available and such complainant sh all be instructed by such district attorney’s office relative to the procedures required to initiate criminal proceedings including, but not limited to, a complaint for a violation of sections 13B, 13F, 13H, 22, 22A, 23, 24, 24B, 26C, 43, and 43A of Chapte r 265 and section 3 of Chapter 272 of the General Laws. Whenever possible, a complainant shall be provided with such information in the complainant’s native language.
SECTION 4. Temporary Orders.
Upon the filing of a complaint under this chapter, the court may enter such temporary orders as it deems necessary to protect a plaintiff from harassment, including relief as provided in section three.
If the plaintiff demonstrates a substantial likeliho od of immediate danger of harassment, the court may enter such temporary relief orders without notice as it deems necessary to protect the plaintiff from harassment and shall immediately thereafter notify the defendant that the temporary orders have been i ssued. The court shall give the defendant an opportunity to be heard on the question of continuing the temporary order and of granting other relief as requested by the plaintiff no later than ten court business days after such orders are entered.
Notice s hall be made by the appropriate law enforcement agency as provided in section seven.
If the defendant does not appear at such subsequent hearing, the temporary orders shall continue in effect without further order of the court.
SECTION 5. Granting of R elief When Courts Closed; Notice; Next-Day Certification.
When the court is closed for business or the plaintiff is unable to appear in court because of severe hardship due to the plaintiff’s physical condition, any justice of the superior, probate and fa mily, juvenile, district or Boston municipal court departments of the trial court may grant relief to the plaintiff as provided under section four if the plaintiff demonstrates a substantial likelihood of immediate danger of harassment. In the discretion o f the justice, such relief may be granted and communicated by telephone to an officer or employee of an appropriate law enforcement agency, who shall record such order on a form of order promulgated for such use by the chief administrative justice and shal l deliver a copy of such order on the next court day to the clerk-magistrate of the court having venue and jurisdiction over the matter. If relief has been granted without the filing of a complaint pursuant to this section of this chapter, then the plainti ff shall appear in court on the next available business day to file said complaint. If the plaintiff in such a case is unable to appear in court without severe hardship due to the plaintiff’s physical condition, then a representative may appear in court on the plaintiff’s behalf and file the requisite complaint with an affidavit setting forth the circumstances preventing the plaintiff from appearing personally. Notice to the plaintiff and defendant and an opportunity for the defendant to be heard shall be g iven as provided in said section four.
Any order issued under this section and any documentation in support thereof shall be certified on the next court day by the clerk-magistrate or register of the court issuing such order to the court having venue and jurisdiction over the matter. Such certification to the court shall have the effect of commencing proceedings under this chapter and invoking the other provisions of this chapter but shall not be deemed necessary for an emergency order issued under this se ction to take effect.
SECTION 5A. Protection Orders Issued By Another Jurisdiction.
Any protection order issued by another jurisdiction, as defined in section one, shall be given full faith and credit throughout the commonwealth and enforced as if it we re issued in the commonwealth for as long as the order is in effect in the issuing jurisdiction.
A person entitled to protection under a protection order issued by another jurisdiction may file such order in the superior, probate and family, juvenile, dis trict or Boston municipal court departments of the trial court by filing with the court a certified copy of such order. Such person shall swear under oath in an affidavit, to the best of such person’s knowledge, that such order is presently in effect as wr itten. Upon request by a law enforcement agency, the register or clerk of such court shall provide a certified copy of the protection order issued by the other jurisdiction.
A law enforcement officer may presume the validity of, and enforce in accordance with section six, a copy of a protection order issued by another jurisdiction which has been provided to the law enforcement officer by any source; provided, however, that the officer is also provided with a statement by the person protected by the order t hat such order remains in effect. Law enforcement officers may rely on such statement by the person protected by such order.
SECTION 6. Powers and Duties of Law Officers; Notice of Rights.
Whenever any law officer has reason to believe that a person has been abused or harassed or is in danger of being abused or harassed, such officer shall use all reasonable means to prevent further abuse or harassment. Officers should make every effort to do the following as part of the emergency response:
(1) Assess t he immediate physical danger to the victim and provide assistance reasonable to mitigate the safety risk.
(2) If there is observable injury to the victim or if the victim is complaining of injury, encourage the victim to seek medical attention and arrange for medical assistance or request an ambulance for transport to a hospital.
(3) If a sexual assault has occurred, notify the victim that there are time sensitive medical/forensic options that may be available. Encourage the victim to seek medical attenti on and arrange for medical assistance or request an ambulance for transport to a hospital.
(4) Provide the victim with referrals to local resources that may assist the victim in locating and getting to a safe place.
Provide adequate notice to the victim of her/his rights, including but not limited to obtaining a harassment prevention order.
SECTION 7. Search of Records; Outstanding Warrants; Service of Order, Complaint and Summons; Enforcement; Violations.
When co nsidering a complaint filed under this chapter, a judge shall cause a search to be made of the records contained within the criminal justice information system maintained by the office of the commissioner of probation or the criminal history systems board and shall review the resulting data to determine whether the named defendant has a civil or criminal record involving violent crimes or abuse. Upon receipt of information that an outstanding warrant exists against the named defendant, a judge shall order t hat the appropriate law enforcement officials be notified and shall order that any information regarding the defendant’s most recent whereabouts shall be forwarded to such officials. In all instances where an outstanding warrant exists, a judge shall make a finding, based upon all of the circumstances, as to whether an imminent threat of bodily injury exists to the petitioner. In all instances where such an imminent threat of bodily injury is found to exist, the judge shall notify the appropriate law enforc ement officials of such finding and such officials shall take all necessary actions to execute any such outstanding warrant as soon as is practicable.
Whenever the court orders under sections three, four and five of this chapter the defendant to refrain f rom harassing the plaintiff or to have no contact with the plaintiff, the register or clerk-magistrate shall transmit two certified copies of each such order and one copy of the complaint and summons forthwith to the appropriate law enforcement agency whic h, unless otherwise ordered by the court, shall serve one copy of each order upon the defendant, together with a copy of the complaint and order and summons. The law enforcement agency shall promptly make its return of service to the court.
Law enforcemen t officers shall use every reasonable means to enforce such harassment prevention orders. Law enforcement agencies shall establish procedures adequate to insure that an officer on the scene of an alleged violation of such order may be informed of the exist ence and terms of such order. The court shall notify the appropriate law enforcement agency in writing whenever any such order is vacated and shall direct the agency to destroy all record of such vacated order and such agency shall comply with that directi ve.
Each harassment prevention order issued shall contain the following statement: VIOLATION OF THIS ORDER IS A CRIMINAL OFFENSE.
Any violation of such order or a protection order issued by another jurisdiction shall be punishable by a fine of not more t han five thousand dollars, or by imprisonment for not more than two and one-half years in a house of correction, or by both such fine and imprisonment. In addition to, but not in lieu of, the forgoing penalties and any other sentence, fee or assessment, in cluding the victim witness assessment in section 8 of chapter 258B , the court shall order persons convicted of a crime under this statute to p ay a fine of $25 that shall be transmitted to the treasurer for deposit into the General Fund. For any violation of such order, the court may order the defendant to complete an appropriate treatment program based on the offense.
In each instance where th ere is a violation of a harassment prevention order or a protection order issued by another jurisdiction, the court may order the defendant to pay the plaintiff for all damages including, but not limited to, loss of earnings, out-of-pocket losses for injur ies sustained or property damaged, medical expenses, cost for obtaining an unlisted telephone number, and reasonable attorney’s fees.
Any such violation may be enforced in the superior, juvenile, district or Boston municipal court departments. Criminal re medies provided herein are not exclusive and do not preclude any other available civil or criminal remedies. The court may enforce by civil contempt procedure a violation of its own court order.
The provisions of section eight of chapter one hundred and t hirty-six shall not apply to any order, complaint or summons issued pursuant to this section.
SECTION 8. Confidentiality of Plaintiff’s Address; Records Involving Minors.
The records of cases arising out of an action brought under the provisions of this chapter where the plaintiff or defendant is a minor shall be withheld from public inspection except by order of the court; provided, that such records shall be open, at all reasonable times, to the inspection of the minor, said minor’s parent, guardian, a ttorney, and to the plaintiff and the plaintiff’s attorney, or any of them.
The plaintiff’s residential address, residential telephone number and workplace name, address and telephone number, contained within the court records of cases arising out of an a ction brought by a plaintiff under the provisions of this chapter, shall be confidential and withheld from public inspection, except by order of the court, except that the plaintiff’s residential address and workplace address shall appear on the court orde r and be accessible to the defendant and the defendant’s attorney unless the plaintiff specifically requests that this information be withheld from the order. All confidential portions of the records shall be accessible at all reasonable times to the plain tiff and plaintiff’s attorney, to others specifically authorized by the plaintiff to obtain such information, and to prosecutors, victim-witness advocates as defined in section 1 of chapter 258B , sexual assault counselors as defined in section 20J of chapter 233 , and law enforcement officers, if such access is necessary in the performance of their duties. The provisions of this paragraph shall apply to any protection order issued by another jurisdiction, as defined in section 1, that is filed with a court of the commonwealth pursuant to section 5A. Such confidential portions of the court records shall not be deemed to be public records under the provisions of clause twenty-sixth of section 7 of chapter 4 .
SECTION 9. Form of Complaint.
The administrative justices of the superior, probate and family, juvenile, district and Boston municipal court departments shall jointly promulgate a form of complaint for use under this chapte r which shall be in such form and language to permit a plaintiff to prepare and file such complaint pro se.
Assessment Upon Assignment to a Treatment Program
The court may impose an assessment against any person who has been referred to a treatment program as a condition of probation. Said assessment shall be in addition to the cost of the treatment program. In the discretion of the court, said assessment may b e reduced or waived when the court finds that the person is indigent or that payment of the assessment would cause the person, or the dependents of such person, severe financial hardship. Assessments made pursuant to this section shall be in addition to an y other fines, assessments, or restitution imposed in any disposition. All funds collected by the court pursuant to this section shall be transmitted monthly to the state treasurer, who shall deposit said funds in the General Fund.
|10/26/2009||Senate||Reported from the committee on The Judiciary|
|10/26/2009||Senate||New draft of S1611|
|10/26/2009||Senate||Bill reported favorably by committee and referred to the committee on Senate Ways and Means|
|11/17/2009||Senate||Committee recommended ought to pass with an amendment, substituting therefore a new draft, see S2212|
|11/17/2009||Senate||New draft substituted, see S2212|